Functionality of Rural Water Supply Services - Nepal


This project is active

The predominant water supply technology in the hill and mountain regions of Nepal is gravity fed water systems and 87 percent of the rural population are estimated to have access to improved water supplies. However, according to government figures 43 percent of these community managed schemes do not meet the national basic service level standards.

Through our multi-country programme, SNV encourages stakeholders to meet, discuss and resolve common WASH problems. Our advocacy activities aligns DWASHCC and VWASHCC (the respective District and Village Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Coordination Committees) goals with national objectives to reduce the risk of political or parochial interests undermining efforts to improve rural WASH conditions.

We advocate for shared prioritisation of functionality amongst local agencies as key to improved health and quality of life of local residents. This enables resources to be pooled and shared to undertake activities beyond the capacity of any individual agency – for example WASH mapping of districts and remote VDCs.

Participatory collection of up–to–date water supply functionality data has highlighted current tendencies for rebuilding defunct schemes rather than supporting communities to maintain the service levels of existing schemes, and thus the poor return on financial investment. SNV’s functionality team has been supporting districts to discuss and develop decision-making protocols based on this information and rationalising these systems for a harmonised regional approach for consistent and transparent scheme prioritisation and resource allocation.

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