Cambodia Horticulture Advancing Income and Nutrition (CHAIN)

This project is active

The Cambodia Horticulture Advancing Income and Nutrition (CHAIN) project, mandated by the Swiss Agency of Development Cooperation (SDC), implemented by SNV together with Swisscontact, supports farmers and processors, particularly women, to increase production, income and resilience to climate change.

Over 50% of fresh fruit and vegetables consumed in Cambodia are imported from Thailand, Vietnam and China (€180 million per year). At the same time, the rise of a Cambodian middle class and a booming service and tourist industry has resulted in increasing demand for safe, local fruits and vegetables, providing an opportunity for small holder farmers and processors to increase their income and food security. As more than 40% of the rural poor still suffer from food insecurity, this offers a chance to increase their income and improve their livelihoods in the long term.

Focusing on the fruit and vegetable sector, CHAIN tackles market system constraints to improve the service delivery to smallholder farmer households, especially women-headed households and indigenous people. CHAIN encourages smallholder farmers to diversify their production of vegetables by introducing horticultural techniques and establishing market linkages required to generate additional income, while addressing malnutrition by promoting dietary diversity.

The first phase (CHAIN-I) started in December 2014 and will come to an end in November 2017. The second phase of CHAIN project (CHAIN-II) will start in December 2017 and will continue until December 2020. CHAIN-II targets improved household income and nutrition from horticulture production and trade in targeted rural areas in Cambodia.

Key outcomes until end 2020 for CHAIN-II:

  1. 9,750 farmer households (58,500 persons) benefit from CHAIN project activities
  2. 3,150 commercial farmers (50% female, 10% Indigenous People (IP)) with increase their average income with €520 from selling vegetables;
  3. 3,100 Semi ‐ commercial farmers (70% female, 10% IP) with increased average net income of €180 from vegetable sales;
  4. 2,300 homestead farmers (95% female, 10% IP) with increased average net income of €45 from vegetables;
  5. 25,000 persons (men and women) from homestead households (10% IP) with nutritional awareness;

What's new?

Key facts



Commercial and homestead producers and processors (male- and female-headed households) increase productivity by adapting improved technologies


Farmer groups and processor groups provide demand-oriented services and facilitate transparent and fair market engagement


Public and private sector actors deliver demand-driven, gender-sensitive and accountable advisory services.

CHAIN-I project results

we reached
increase in income
for homestead farmers
increase in income
for commercial farmers
were trained processing techniques
of households improved their diets

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