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Kenya is a country of approximately 45 million people comprising of 8 million households. The rural-urban split is 78%:22% and biomass provides 69% of the country’s overall energy requirements while petroleum accounts for about 22% and electricity 9%. Currently, less than 37% of households in Kenya use a form of improved cookstove. Estimations indicate that most of the ICS (improved cookstoves sector) in Kenya fall below tier 2 with more than 8,300 children dying every year as a result of acute lower respiratory infections including pneumonia, caused by the use of solid fuels.
The improved cookstove (ICS) sector in Kenya has been growing over the last 30 years with successful uptake realized for entry level tier ICS estimated at between 1.5 million and 3.1 million stoves. Several developments in the clean cookstoves market in Kenya point towards a vibrant growing sector. Higher tiers with better efficiency ratios, reduced negative health impacts and long lifespans are only just emerging in the market.
The initiative, “Clean Cookstove Market Acceleration Project” is funded by DFID through the Energising Development (EnDev) programme and implemented in Kenya by SNV. SNV is in partnership with the Micro-Enterprises Support Programme Trust (MESPT) in implementation. Its goal is to accelerate the uptake of 100,000 higher tier stoves by mitigating entry and market development barriers. The learning objective is to determine the long-term impacts of incentives on market transformation and the cost-effectiveness of such measures. It is expected that the project will reach more than 500,000 people with clean cookstoves during the project period; this is calculated based on the 100,000 stoves being bought by 100,000 households. ICS reduce about 1-3 tCO2eq. it is estimated that estimate and the resultant tCO2eq per will be 41,811 at the end of the project.
The incentive is based on stove performance ratings based on the IWA Tiers. The results will be based on a test protocol developed and in use by the Kenya Institute of Research and Development (KIRDI)
The Minimum parameters for RBF higher tier stoves are:
The available fund for this project is 1.3 Million Euros. The rate is a flat rate that will apply throughout the country. The payment is contingent on the incentives and is payable after the achievement of pre-agreed results - approved cookstove sales on qualified products and verification of claims by an independent body.
|Cookstoves||Incentive rates (Euro)|
|< Tier 2 in CO emissions||8|
|Fuel Incentive (LPG, Pellets, Ethanol)||10|