SSH4A in Bhutan


This project is completed

The Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) accelerates progress in sanitation and hygiene by strengthening the professional and organisational capacity of local governments, private sector and other sector stakeholders (change agents) for more effective service delivery in rural sanitation and hygiene to achieve full coverage.

SNV works as a capacity development and knowledge-sharing organisation at national, district and sub-district levels. In Bhutan, the focus is on providing technical support to the lead government agency for the further development, replication and scaling up of the national Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Programme (RSAHP) which is based on the SSH4A approach. The inputs are technical (organisational and institutional) advisory services, evidence based advocacy and knowledge management.  As a Partner, IRC supports in terms of strengthening performance monitoring, knowledge and learning linked to the Nepal Activity and SNV’s wider regional SSH4A Programme in Asia .  

In the SSH4A approach, SNV has integrated insights in community-led sanitation demand creation with supply chain development, hygiene behaviour change communication and WASH governance to develop a sustainable service delivery model at scale. The intended outcomes are progress in:

  • Capacity of local government organisations to implement sanitation demand creation at scale with quality 
  • Commitment and capacity of local organisations to implement behaviour change communication at scale with quality
  • Involvement of private sector actors in sanitation related supply chains 
  • Capacity of local government organisations to lead and steer the sector 
  • Degree of influence of women / households living in poverty/socially excluded groups during planning and implementation of sanitation and hygiene programmes
  • Improved performance monitoring and evidence based learning. 

In Bhutan, the approach is centered on strengthening the capacity (expected change) of the duty bearers: the MoH’s Public Health Engineering Department (PHED) for the Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Programme (RSAHP) nationally and government line agencies at district level.  At district level, this involves targeted support to local government authorities, districts that are lagging behind in sanitation access and prioritised by the government.

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