Paper: A comparative study of approaches to leaving no one behind across five countries


"The focus of discussion is moving beyond a polarised subsidy or non-subsidy debate towards broader consideration of how to reach potentially disadvantaged and vulnerable individuals and groups in smarter and more sustainable ways." Whilst positive sanitation and hygiene practice and behaviour are noticeable in many countries, improvements are uneven. Some individuals and groups of population continue to fall outside the margins of progress.

The next installment to SNV's Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) learning brief titled, "Sanitation and hygiene for all: a comparative study of approaches to leaving no one behind across five countries" contributes to these discussions. It summarises the main findings of the five-country research conducted by ISF-UTS and SNV in Bhutan, Nepal, Cambodia, Zambia, and Tanzania, and it represents SNV's ongoing effort to search for effective solutions to the sanitation and hygiene challenge -- taking these lessons to guide future planning.

About the learning brief

In this 8-page brief, the authors examine 11 strategies carried out by SNV in support of government efforts to realise local/ national sanitation and hygiene commitments. Specifically, the authors focus on the effectiveness of SNV strategies in ensuring that the poorest of the poor, people with disabilities (PWD), female-headed households, and the elderly benefit from SSH4A.

Findings suggest that the organisation has been successful in reaching potentially disadvantaged groups. The authors also validate the strategic importance of local government involvement in joint research, and consistent and long-term engagement with government to build a good foundation for structural change -- two strategies key to SNV's work culture.

Yet, continuing challenges and complexities remain. Download the learning brief now to learn about these challenges, and how the authors propose to overcome these.


This learning brief is a joint product of ISF-UTS and SNV. It was written by Naomi Carrard, Janina Murta, Gabrielle Halcrow, Simone Soeters and Juliet Willets.